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What is Management of Thyroid Disorders (Non-Surgical)?

The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped gland located in front of your neck just below the voice box (larynx). It secretes hormones that help regulate your body’s metabolism. Over or underproduction of the thyroid gland can result in thyroid disorders. Some of the thyroid disorders include hyperthyroidism (overactive gland), hypothyroidism (underactive gland), thyroid nodules (abnormal growth of thyroid gland cells) and thyroid cancer. Thyroid disorders can be treated through conservative or surgical methods.

Non-surgical methods are the first line of treatment for thyroid disorders, and include:

  • Hypothyroidism: Synthetic thyroid hormone medications to replace the missing hormone
  • Hyperthyroidism: Medications to slow down the production of thyroid hormone, other medications for managing symptoms such as increased heart rate, or radioactive ablation (directing radioactive energy to selectively destroy the thyroid tissue)

Treatment of thyroid cancer or thyroid nodules involves thyroid surgery.

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  • American College of Physicians
  • Andrews Research & Education Foundation
  • American Board of Internal Medicine
  • JJM Medical College
  • Acuity Benefit consulting